There are around 40 million cars on the road in Italy today, and if we were to count all those that have travelled the country’s roads in 130 years, the number would be exponential. But… what was the first car to circulate in Italy? When did it arrive? What kind of car was it? Was it Italian or foreign? What did it look like? Was it faster than a horse? Who bought it? Why? How much did it cost and how did it work? Did it require a licence? Where did it circulate? Does it still exist? What was its history? Where can it be seen today? The answers to these questions and others can be found in this short essay based on established and proven historical facts. Sometimes exciting, certainly interesting, for those who love the world of motors, … but also for those interested in national history.